- Cervical and Uterine cancers
- Menstrual Problems
- Breast Examination
- Menopause and HRT
- Family Planning & Infertility
- Cervical Cancer
Most women are not aware of gynaecological matters and go for consultancy only when they have problem. In fact many are reluctant to come for routine check-ups for fear of discovering they may have cancer.
Cervical and Uterine Cancers
The greatest single reason for the occurrence of cervical cancer is not having Pap smears according to recommended guidelines. The majority of women diagnosed with cervical cancer have not had a Pap smear in five or more years. Sadly, these women are usually at an advanced stage of cancer when they receive diagnosis.
Tell the doctor about menstruation cramps, or an increase or decrease in menstrual frequency, since they may be caused by an inflammation of the uterine walls or a vaginal infection. In addition many women suffer from hemorrhages-bleeding. This may be symptoms of cervical cancer. And too much bleeding can cause anemia.
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among urban women today. Although a women can learn to examine her own breast, after the age of 50, she must go for mammography along with the breast ultrasound.
If you feel pelvic pain or discharge due to gynaecologial infection, visit doctor. As it may be mild infection which can be cured by simple antibiotics, but if left untreated, a young woman is likely to develop other problems including infertility on account of damage to the Fallopian Tube.
Menopause and HRT
Menopause is the permanent cessation of the primary functions of the human ovaries and a significant decrease of the sex hormones. Typically (but not always), menopause occurs in midlife, during the late 40s or early 50s and signals the end of the fertile phase of a woman’s life.
The most common symptoms are:
- Hot flashes or hot flushes including night sweats and in a few people cold flashes
- Depression and/or anxiety
- Memory loss and concentration problems
- Mood disturbance
- Sleep disturbances, poor quality sleep, light sleep, insomnia and sleeplessness
- Dyspareunia or painful intercourse
- Decreased libido
- Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy
- Formication (itching, tingling, burning, pins and needles sensation of ants crawling on or under the skin)
- Urinary frequency
- Rapid heartbeat (palpitations)
- Osteopenia and the risk of Osteoporosis gradually developing over time
- Backache, joints and muscles pain
Family Planning & Infertility
If getting pregnant has been a challenge for you and your partner, you’re not alone. Infertility is defined as not being able to get pregnant despite trying for at least a year.
If that definition of infertility applies to you and your partner, there’s a chance that something treatable may be interfering with your efforts to have a child. Infertility may be due to a single cause in either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that may prevent a pregnancy from occurring or continuing.
Fortunately, there are many safe and effective therapies for overcoming infertility. These treatments significantly improve your chances of becoming pregnant.
Most couples achieve pregnancy within the first six months of trying. Overall, after 12 months of trying, approximately 85 percent of couples will become pregnant. Over the next 36 months, about 50 percent of the remaining couples will go on to conceive spontaneously.
The main sign of infertility is the inability for a couple to get pregnant. There may be no other obvious symptoms. In some cases, an infertile woman may have abnormal menstrual periods. An infertile man may have some signs of hormonal problems, such as changes in hair growth or sexual function.
When to see a doctor
In general, don’t be too concerned about infertility unless you and your partner have been trying regularly to conceive for at least one year. Talk with your doctor earlier, however, if:
- You plan to conceive and you’re a woman older than 30 or haven’t menstruated in six months
- You’re a woman who has a history of irregular or painful menstrual cycles, pelvic pain, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or repeated miscarriages
Contact us to make an appointment with one of our Gynaecologistists:
- Dr Abdulsalam Dale
- Dr Ghalia Gattour
- Dr Hanan Elalaki
- Dr Farag Irheme
- Dr Josie Muscat
World-wide, a woman dies of cervical cancer approximately every 2 minutes
Definition of cervical cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the cervix (the organ connecting the uterus and vagina). It is usually a slow-growing cancer that may not have symptoms but can be found with regular Pap tests (a procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and looked at under a microscope). Cervical cancer is almost always caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
Cervical Cancer Statistics
Chances are that you know someone who has been diagnosed with cervical cancer. The following statistics will help you inform yourself about this dreaded disease. On a positive note, less cervical cancer-related deaths are occurring each year thanks to increased awareness and simple procedures such as pelvic exams and Pap smears.
Cervical cancer is the 5th most common cancer in women worldwide with approximately 471,000 new cases diagnosed each year. It’s shocking to think that a woman dies of cervical cancer approximately every 2 minutes.
Although the average age of diagnosis is 50, women as young as 17 can contract the disease.
Increased Awareness & Pap Smears
Pre-cancerous cells can take 10-15 years to develop into cancer so early detection is very important in treating cervical cancer. Fortunately, more than 90% of this type of cancer is curable if the disease is detected and treated early enough.
Routine exams such as Pap smears can greatly reduce your risks of contracting and dying from cervical cancer. The introduction of the Pap smear test in 1941 has greatly reduced the number of cervical cancer-related deaths.
Pap smears have lowered worldwide annual deaths by approximately 2% decline each year. They have also reduced the overall death rate by approximately 74% since the tests were first implemented. The test is considered the most successful cancer screening technique ever discovered.